Impact of NIS2 on European organizations – The impact of NIS2 on your organization

NFIR beeldmerk kleur
NFIR beeldmerk kleur

Impact of NIS2 on European organizations – The impact of NIS2 on your organization

What is the NIS2 guideline?

The NIS2 directive increases cybersecurity within the EU by imposing stricter security standards on key sectors and digital service providers. It aims for a consistently high level of security across member states, with risk management and incident reporting guidelines to promote cooperation. -> read all about the NIS2 directive

Impact of the nis2 legislation on European Organizations

Changing obligations

European organizations face stricter obligations regarding cybersecurity under the nis2 directive. This includes establishing effective prevention and response mechanisms to mitigate the risks of cyber attacks.


Increased risks, the nis2 legislation poses higher risks to noncompliant organizations. Not only do they risk fines, but also reputational damage and loss of trust from customers and stakeholders.


Compliance requirements, European organizations must comply with specific regulations and standards such as reporting serious security incidents within 72 hours. Compliance with the nis2 directive requires a thorough review and adaptation of existing cybersecurity measures.

In summary, the NIS2 legislation has a significant impact on European organizations, forcing them to tighten their cybersecurity policies and practices to meet stricter obligations and mitigate risks. Compliance with the NIS2 directive is essential to maintaining the security and reliability of organizations in the digital age.

In brief:

Financial sector:

  • Impact of niche2:
    • Stricter rules for financial institutions.
    • Increased responsibility for managing cybersecurity risks.
  • Key points of compliance:
    • Implementation of appropriate security measures.
    • Reporting data breaches within 72 hours.

Healthcare sector:

  • Impact of niche2:
    • Stricter protection of patients’ personal data.
    • Obligation to conduct data protection impact assessments.
  • Key points of compliance:
    • Encryption of patient data.
    • Introduction of privacy by design principle.

Telecommunications sector:

  • Impact of niche2:
    • Increased requirements for provider security.
    • Obligation to report incidents to supervisory authorities.
  • Key points of compliance:
    • Security of communications networks and services.
    • Recovery plans for continuous availability.

Government and public sector:

  • Impact of niche2:
    • Obligation to implement appropriate security measures.
    • Emphasis on the importance of cybersecurity in providing public services.
  • Key points of compliance:
    • Application of industry-specific security standards.
    • Continuous monitoring of threats and incidents.

Identification of critical services:

  • Critical infrastructures should be identified based on criteria such as impact of a disruption on society and the economy.

Security measures:

  • Critical infrastructures must implement appropriate technical and organizational measures to manage cybersecurity risks.
Sample measures:
  • Network and information systems security
  • Incident response planning
  • Security of sensitive information

Incident reporting requirement:

  • Critical infrastructures must report incidents with a significant impact on their services to national authorities.

Collaboration and information sharing:

  • Critical infrastructures must cooperate with other actors and share relevant information to enhance cybersecurity.

Regulatory compliance:

  • Critical infrastructures must comply with all relevant cybersecurity laws and regulations, including the NIS2 directive.

It is essential that organizations designated as critical infrastructures are aware of these specific requirements and follow them closely to ensure the stability and security of their services.

Obligations for public and essential organizations:

    • Implement stricter safety standards and procedures.
    • Protect information and network systems.
    • Guarantee robust risk management.

Measures of cybersecurity:

    • Technical measures:
      • Implement advanced technologies.
    • Procedures:
      • Conduct regular audits.
      • Preparation of rapid incident response plans.

Reporting requirements:

    • Cybersecurity status:
      • Regular reports on cybersecurity status.
    • Incidents:
      • Reporting any violations.

Expected impact:

    • Resilience to cyberattacks:
      • Increasing resilience within critical sectors.
    • Safety:
      • Important for the security of public services and society.

The NIS2 directive is expected to significantly increase resilience to cyber attacks within critical sectors, which is crucial to the security of both public services and society as a whole.

Table of contents

How the NIS2 directive affects European organizations

The introduction of the NIS2 directive marks a crucial turning point in improving digital security within European organizations. This directive, designed to strengthen resilience against cyber attacks, has a significant impact of NIS2 on businesses covered by critical infrastructure. Because this directive raises the bar on security standards, organizations will be required to review and intensify their cybersecurity policies. This means not only an increase in direct security measures, but also a need for continuous evaluation and adaptation of these measures to comply with the new European regulations. It is essential that companies are aware of these changes and take proactive steps to update and secure their systems, something that will strengthen overall digital security within the EU.

What obligations does the NIS2 directive prescribe?

The NIS2 directive places significant obligations on both public and essential organizations, with the goal of strengthening Europe’s overall cybersecurity cyber. This means that these organizations must adhere to stricter security standards and procedures to protect their information and network systems. This involves not only implementing advanced technical measures, but also ensuring robust risk management, regular monitoring and rapid incident response plans. In addition, these organizations will be required to provide regular reports on their cyber security status and any breaches. These guidelines are expected to significantly increase resilience to cyber attacks within critical sectors, which is crucial to the security of both public services and society as a whole.

Security measures and reporting under NIS2

As the digital security of organizations becomes increasingly important, the NIS2 Directive plays a crucial role in strengthening digital resilience within the European Union. This directive requires relevant entities not only to implement appropriate security measures but also to ensure detailed reporting of incidents covered by this directive. The goal is to ensure a uniform level of security while improving cooperation among member states. For organizations, this means reviewing and possibly strengthening their security policies to meet the new requirements. Directive coverage under these regulations emphasizes the importance of compliance and provides a framework for reporting security incidents, making organizations better prepared for potential cyber threats.

What does my organization face with the new legislation?

With the introduction of the new legislation regarding the NIS2 directive, your organization faces significant changes aimed primarily at increasing digital resilience. The impact of NIS2 will be felt in the obligations imposed from this regulation, designed to better protect European networks and information systems. This new legislation requires organizations, especially those in vital sectors and digital services, to make their infrastructures more robust against cyber threats. Understanding this impact of NIS2 is essential because it directly affects how you manage your cybersecurity strategies. By proactively anticipating these changes, you can ensure that your organization not only complies with the law, but also maintains an edge in protecting against increasing cyberattacks.

Implications of NIS2 for your organization.

For your organization, this means rigorous evaluation and potentially significant modification of your current security protocols. It is essential to thoroughly understand the implications of NIS2 and work proactively to implement the required measures. This will not only ensure compliance, but also protect the overall security of your business operations and sensitive data.

Cybersecurity Risks by NIS2:

  • Ransomware attacks: These attacks encrypt an organization’s data and demand a ransom for decryption.
  • Phishing attacks: Counterfeit emails or messages used to steal sensitive information.
  • DDoS attacks: Overloading of services with the aim of making them inaccessible to legitimate users.
  • Supply chain attacks: Attacks that target suppliers to then compromise the ultimate target organizations.
  • Data breaches: Unauthorized access to personal data resulting in exposure to outside parties.

Examples of recent cyber attacks:

  • WannaCry Ransomware: In 2017, this global ransomware attack struck organizations by exploiting vulnerabilities in older Windows systems.
  • SolarWinds Hack: A large and complicated supply chain attack that came to light in 2020 and affected numerous government agencies and private companies.
  • Colonial Pipeline Ransomware: In 2021, a ransomware attack on Colonial Pipeline infrastructure caused a temporary fuel shortage in parts of the United States.

Relevance of NIS2 to these cyberattacks:

  • More rigorous security requirements:
    Provides more stringent security protocols and measures to prevent similar attacks.

  • Improved reporting requirements:
    Mandatory reporting of security incidents helps in faster intervention and prevention of further damage.

  • Comprehensive risk management:
    Inclusion of more sectors and digital services to improve defense against growing and evolving threats.

What does the NIS2 directive mean for your organization?

These comprehensive cybersecurity cyber regulations require affected entities to tighten and continuously evaluate their security protocols to ensure compliance. Reviewing current systems and potentially significant investments in cybersecurity infrastructure. By proactively making these changes, organizations can not only avoid fines, but also enhance their reputation as an entity that is serious about protecting customer data and operational integrity.

Share this page about NIS2 and its impact on European organizations

The implementation of the NIS2 directive could have a significant impact on the digital resilience of European organizations. Understanding and preparing for these changes is crucial. The impact of NIS2 spans several sectors and requires a thorough approach to meet the new requirements. We at NFIR understand the complexity of this directive and offer detailed analysis to prepare your organization for these important changes. Sharing knowledge and experiences can help organizations respond more effectively to the impact of NIS2. This page is designed to share in-depth information and strategies that can support your organization in increasing digital resilience and navigating the new regulatory landscape. By sharing this page, you are contributing to a broader understanding and preparation for the impact of NIS2.

How can NFIR help you with NIS2?

Make an immediate appointment with an NFIR specialist who knows all the ins and outs of the NIS2 guidelines combined with cybersecurity experience.

  • Do you already have an information security policy?
  • Do employees know what their role is?
  • Do they know how to recognize phishing emails?
  • By getting serious about it now, you will avoid surprises when the law goes into effect.


The NIS2 directive requires organizations to conduct risk assessments to identify vulnerabilities. Identifying these risks can be done by performing a pen test or penetration test. Penetration testing is designed to assess the security of network and information systems. This is done by performing controlled attacks and vulnerability scans. The tests help identify security weaknesses that can be exploited by malicious actors. NFIR offers pen testing that can help you with this.

Security Monitoring

The NIS2 directive requires that organizations take appropriate measures for network and information system security, and network monitoring can be an essential part of these measures. The purpose of network monitoring is to detect potential threats and security breaches to network and information systems and respond to suspicious activity in real time. In a number of areas, NFIR security monitoring can support you in complying with NIS2:

  1. Incident detection: Indeed, organizations must be able to detect suspicious activity, intrusion attempts, malware, and other potential security incidents in their networks and systems.
  2. Real-time monitoring: It is important to continuously monitor networks and systems to immediately respond to threats. This can include receiving real-time alerts and initiating automatic responses.
  3. Logging: It is important to keep logs of network activity and security events, as these can help investigate incidents and demonstrate security compliance.

Network monitoring is an important element of the overall security measures needed to comply with the NIS2 directive. NFIR can help your organization identify and mitigate risks, minimize damage in security incidents and meet the reporting requirements set forth in the directive.

Consultancy and Incident Response

In addition to additional information about the NIS2, NFIR can assist you in creating an incident response plan. Within NIS2, it is required to respond quickly and effectively to security incidents as they occur. This includes isolating affected systems, analyzing the incident and taking corrective action. NFIR can also assist you with an incident through Incident Response or Digital Forensics.


De volgende 30 minuten van cruciaal belang​!

De eerste 30 minuten na een cyber security incident zijn cruciaal omdat snelle reactie de schade kan beperken, verdere verspreiding van de aanval kan voorkomen en essentieel bewijsmateriaal veiliggesteld kan worden voor onderzoek en herstel.

Onze Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERT) staan 24/7 klaar om bedrijven en organisaties te ondersteunen bij IT-beveiligingsincidenten.

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The next 30 minutes are crucial!

The first 30 minutes after a cyber security incident are crucial because rapid response can limit damage, prevent further spread of the attack and secure essential evidence for investigation and recovery.

Our Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERT) are available 24/7 to support businesses and organizations during IT security incidents.

Does your company need professional help with a security incident?